Monday, August 18, 2008 next blog


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From: (NOVA scienceNOW)
Date: August 18, 2008 3:16:46 PM EDT
To: (NOVA scienceNOW Bulletin)
Subject: [NOVA scienceNOW] "NOVA scienceNOW" / NOVA scienceNOW Quiz

Next on NOVA scienceNOW
With Neil deGrasse Tyson
See below for a NOVA scienceNOW Quiz

Wednesday, August 20 at 8 & 9 p.m.
(Check your local listings as dates and times may vary.)

This broadcast investigates doomsday asteroids, the genetics behind
overeating, the quest to create a new element, and an MIT roboticist
who also writes award-winning fiction.

Will a doomsday rock the size of the Rose Bowl hit Earth in

Island of Stability
Follow the decades-long quest to create the elusive element 114.

Examine the biology behind the compulsion to eat.

Profile: Karl Iagnemma
An innovative MIT roboticist is also an acclaimed fiction

Learn how our lifestyles can change the way our genes work, examine
a yet-to-be-broken code on a sculpture called Kryptos, see preserved
dinosaur blood vessels, and meet cosmologist Arlie Petters.

T. Rex Blood?
Preserved soft tissue, including possible blood vessels and red
blood cells, are turning up in dinosaur fossils.

Our lifestyles and environment can change the way our genes are
expressed, leading even identical twins to become distinct as
they age.

A coded sculpture at CIA headquarters has yet to be fully

Profile: Arlie Petters
A boy from a rural village in Belize grows up to become a
world-class mathematician and cosmologist.

The journey continues on the NOVA scienceNOW Web site. Watch the
entire hour-long episode online. E-mail scientists from the
broadcast with your questions, test your knowledge of chemistry
basics find out what T. Rex and chickens have in common, use a
catastrophe calculator to try out some "what if" scenarios, and
watch video extras.

Also, Links & Books, the Teacher's Guide, the program transcript,
and more:


NOVA scienceNOW Quiz
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Thursday, August 14, 2008 next blog

this was in archives


Florence T. Cua-Christman Publications


90Sr from WORLDWIDE FALLOUT in TEETH and BONES, 1992 $50


Update: National Library of Medicine-references and some abstracts
On Element(Ca, P, Zn, Fe, Cu, Sr, Mg, F, Na, Pb, Hg, and Cd) Concentrations in
Teeth and Bones, after 1992 I paid $105 for it.

TEETH and BONES, 1994, $100

Updated post 1992 included

MARSHALL ISLANDS, PART 2, VOL.1. 1995 $50 (color photos)

MISCONCEPTIONS about RADIATION, VOL. 2 (or alternatively titled)

MISCONCEPTIONS about RADIATION, VOL. 3 (or alternatively titled)
In progress


(websites and NTIS abstracts)
(56 pages compilations of data on Radiation in Space)


RADON, INDOOR AND REMOTE MEASUREMENT OF, 2000 available in the Encyclopedia
of Analytical Chemistry, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. United Kingdom

ENERGY SOURCES(compilation) $40

ASBESTOS(compilation)(query: how can we removed the asbestos fibers from the lungs?)


DENTAL AND VETERINARY X-RAY MACHINE HAZARD SURVEY $300 for the first machines and $100 for each additional machines



Dr. F.T. Cua-Christman, MS3, PhD, presentations at 11 PAASE meetings from 1991-2005 excluding 1992, 1993, 1994(just attendance) and 2003(fear of SARS Epidemic which did not materialize.)






PAASE Virtual University, see




To order or for additional information contact me at

Please add shipping and handling charges.

Sr-90 from Worldwide Fallout in Teeth and Bones, 1992

Deciduous Teeth and Permanent Teeth have been used by a host of countries in monitoring the distribution of Sr-90 from worldwide fallout. Countries with Sr-90 in teeth and/or bone data available in the literature include Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Marshall Islands, Norway, People’s Republic of China, Poland, Rumania, Slovakia/Czechoslovakia, Switzerland, UK, USA, USSR, and West Germany. Factors affecting the Sr-90 concentration in teeth and bones depend on the location, birth year, age, sex, date of extraction, species of teeth, kind of milk feeding, presence of caries, kind of bone and the agricultural practices. Some of the predictive modelling from diet items, theoretical expressions for Sr-90
mBq/gCa in teeth based on tooth growth and milk uptake as well as bone metabolism deduced from Sr-90
assays results and characterization of Sr-90 distribution in human skeleton are discussed.
This book was bought by Radiation and Public Health Project, and they did further studies on the Sr-90 levels in current teeth samples as a result of the Chernobyl accident.

According to Wheeler(Wh1974), the crowns were completed 1 1/2 months to 11 months after birth. The roots were completed 1 1/2 years to 3 1/4 years. A study of Reiss(Re1961) showed that in shed, rootless teeth, 32% of the average incisor, 6% of the cuspid, 17% of the first molar, and 5% of the second molar are formed prenatally which means that 68% of the average incisor crown, 94% of the cuspid crown, 83% of the first molar crown, and 95% of the second molar crown are formed postnatally and all within a year of birth(Cua1981). For the Chronology of Human Permanent Dentition, see Table 2 in Cua(1992). The height of the nuclear weapons fallout of 90Sr was in 1963. See Figure1 which shows the Annual global fallout: estimated MCi of 90Sr and the 90Sr pCi/gCa in U.K. diet. Note the conversion to MBq and mBq/gCa. Sir Will Starkey, PhD of England Royal Naval Service wrote me in 1981 that I should study the relationship of the 90Sr in teeth in relation to 90Sr in diet. His permanent teeth(premolar and third molar)(crown and root)90Sr mBq/gCa activity concentration data were graphed in three dimension as a function of age and year of extraction by Frank Klatil. These graphs are obtained from the data in St1968, St1969, St1970, St1974. The mathematical formulation or modelling was done by Dr. Rosenthal(Ros1972). Figure 2 shows the 90Sr mBq/gCa content of milk and mean of deciduous crowns for St. Louis, Mo., USA(Ros1972). It is written up in Cua(1992, pp. 131-135, equations and mathematical modelling. Figure 3 shows the 90Sr mBq/gCa content in Deciduous Crown from St. Louis, Mo., USA (Ros72) calculated. Table 1 shows the 90Sr activity concentration mBq/gCa vs. Birth Year for different countries and deciduous and permanent teeth at the height of the nuclear fallout from weapon testings in 1963-1965 and prior to and after Chernobyl May, 1986. The Bibliographic List is in Cua(1992) and addendums. Email References: Cua, F.T., 1992 90Sr from Worldwide Fallout in Teeth and Bones, self published by F.T. Cua, MS3

I want to refer you to William Robison, PhD’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory reprints on

1. Noshkin, V.E., Robison, W.L., and Wong, K.M. 1993, Concentration of Po-210 and Pb-210 in the diet at the Marshall Islands. The Science of the Total Environment. 155(1994), 87-104.

Po-210 in all fish mean 1725 Bq/kg wet wt; Pb-210 in all fish mean 26.8 Bq/kg wet wt.

2. Robison, W.L., Noshkin, V.E., Hamilton, T.F.. Conrado, C.L., and Bogen, K.T. 2001. An
Assessment of Current Day Impact of Various Materials Associated with the US Nuclear Test
Program in the Marshall Islands. UCRL-LR-143980.

Po, Pb, Ra, Pu, Cm, U, Th, Am, Cf, Mo, and Tc Radionuclides in Teeth and Bones, 1994

Macrodistribution and Microdistribution Studies of Po, Pb, Ra, Pu, Cm, U, Th, Am, Cf, Mo, and Tc Radionuclides in Teeth and Bones for animals and humans are discussed. The subjects are the environmentally exposed, occupationally exposed, Transuranium Registry, Radium Dial Painters, Uranium Miners and Millers, Marshall Islanders, Pu injection cases, Nuclear Medicine cases, etc.

Element Concentrations in Teeth, 1992

A comparison of the analytical methods of flame photometry, atomic absorption spectrometry, neutron activation analysis, spark source mass spectroscopy, fluoride ion selective electrode, inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry, direct current plasma, anodic stripping voltammetry, optical emission spectroscopy, energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence, proton-induced x-ray emission, proton induced gamma emission, laser microprobe mass analysis and secondary ion mass spectrometry
as it relate to the determination of element concentrations in teeth is discussed. The different methods are defined and compared with respect to detection limits, kind of instrumentation, and automation, costs, and sample preparation, specifically for teeth. The concentration in teeth of Ca, P, Zn, Mg, Sr, Cu, Fe, F, Na and others are evaluated with respect to diet, water supply, soil, geographical location, age, sex, type of tooth, dental diseases, e.g. caries, medical disorders, e.g. cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Wilson’s disease, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular diseases, and factors such as smoking, drinking, accident,
oral cancer, drugs, HIV-AIDS, and others are discussed.

Misconceptions About Radiation, Part 1, Facts are Stranger than Fiction in Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Marshall Islands, Part 2, Volume I, 1995

The misconceptions about radiation stem from the profligate use of radiation concepts in science fiction albeit erroneous to create interesting characters. Samples of these are: The Incredible Hulk, The Incredible Shrinking Man, Time Walker, Superman IV, The Quest for World Peace, Beneath the Planet of the Apes, Silkwood, Naked Gun 2 ½, Flash Gordon, China Syndrome, Blue Sky, The Atomic Café, Hiroshima Mon Amour, and The American Defense Monitor and in science fiction cards and comics, namely: the Invisible
Woman, Mister Fantastic, Daredevil, Spider-Lizard, the Hulk, She-Hulk, The Thing, Human Torch, Spiderman, Sandman, Doctor Octopus, Sentinels of Justice: Captain Atom, Radioactive Man, Fallout Boy, The Day Before Doomsday, The Return of the Neantherthal Man, and Solar Radiation Mutated Monster.
That is Part 1. Part 2 talks about Hiroshima,. Nagasaki, Marshall Islands, specifically, the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claim Tribunal the compensation for different types of cancers. Also, it contains the Oct. 1977 Marshall Islands field trip of Florence Cua. The MARSHALL ISLANDS is NOW an INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC.

Facts or Fiction About Radiation in 20 Movies, Volume II, 1999

The following movies were summarized and commented on on its factualness or purely fictionalized.
2001: A Space Odyssey, A Boy and His Dog, Atomic Kid, Dr. Cyclops, Dr. Strangelove, Empire of the Ant, Fail Safe, Godzilla, Radiation Biology and Genetics, Muroroa and Fangataufa Atolls, Goldfinger, Au-198 and other fission products, H-Man, Shadow, Mental Telepathy and Telekinesis, Star Trek 2: The Wrath of Khan, Free Khans and Chelating Agents Websites, Superman and the Mole Men, The Day the Earth Stood Still, Robots, The Fly, Teleportation Websites, The Kids with X-ray Eyes; and Tomorrow Never Dies.

Facts or Fiction About Radiation in 11 Movies, Volume III-still in progress 2005

The following movies are being summarized and commented on on its factualness or purely fictionalized.
The Days After Trinity: Oppenheimer and the Atomic Bomb, The Days After-Perils of a Nuclear War, Phantom Empire, On the Beach, Testament, Back to the Future I, II, III, Casino Royale, and 2 more I forgot

Facts or Fiction About Radiation 20 pages script, 2000

Video, partially done with excerpts from films with Radiation Genre.

Radon, Indoor and Remote Measurement of, 2000

The existing radon and radon progeny measurement instruments are described in this chapter in the Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. The various methods and instruments used depend on whether radon or radon/thoron progeny or daughter products are being measured, the duration of the measurement, whether short or long term and the type of radiation being detected whether alpha, beta, or gamma. The modes of detection used include the following: activated charcoal radon monitors, electret ion chamber, registration of nuclear tracks in solid-state materials, liquid scintillation, ionization chambers, scintillation detectors with zinc sulfide, ZnS(Ag), alpha particle spectrometers with silicon diodes, surface barrier or diffused junction detectors, and gamma ray spectrometry with NaI(Tl) scintillation crystals or germanium lithium (GeLi) semiconductor detectors, fiber optics sensors, and glass. The advantages and disadvantages will be described for various portable instruments used for measuring radon, thoron, and their daughter products. Comparison studies among the radon monitors will be included. The reader is referred in particular to Andreas George and National Council on Radiation Protection Report 97 for additional information.

Book of Lists About Radiation Related Materials, Specifically, Marshall Islands Publications, Volume 1, 1995

Included in this monograph are the following informations: list of radiation producing devices, radiation sources, and radiation machines, ratification or acceptance by states thereby becoming a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Non Proliferation Treaty, Status of High Energy Teletherapy and Brachytherapy Facilities in Africa, Environmental Isotope Hydrology Laboratories in the Asian and Pacific Region, in the Latin American, Middle East and European Regions, in Africa, Coordinated Research Programme-Participating Countries, Storage and Disposal of Low and Intermediate Level Wastes in Selected Countries of Africa, the Middle East, and Europe, North America and Asia and the Pacific, High-Level Waste and Spent Fuel Management Plans in Selected Countries, Irradiation Facilities for Treatment
Of Water, Wastewater, and Sludge that have been or are Operating, Radiation Sources in Research, Radiation Sources in Industry, Irradiation Facilities Around the World, Professional Society Participation, Health Physics Degree Program, Characteristics of Attractive Radioisotope Heat Sources, Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (US Program), Nuclear Power Plant in the World, On Line Databases of the International Atomic Energy Agency, List of the International Commission of Radiation Protection Publications, List of the National Council of Radiation Protection Publications, Bibliography that mentions where to obtain the nuclear research reactors in the world, nuclear power reactors in the world, books in F.T. Cua’s personal Library relating to Radiation, Title, Author, Publisher and Date of Publications of Marshall Islands Publ.ications Available at the National Technical Technical Information Service.

Books of Lists About Radiation Related Materials, Specifically Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Weapons Research, and Human Radiation Experiments Publications(NTIS), Volume II, 1996

The following are included in this compilation: the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists clock, Atomic Energy Commission in different countries, High Energy Accelerators in the world, Environmental Protection Agency map of radon zones, the International Atomic Energy Agency cooperative networks, map of Iraq weapons sites, operational US Nuclear Weapons Stockpile, National Defense Research Council, US nuclear forces after Start II, protocol for implementing surface contamination guidelines, Beijing’s
Wall of Silence, the Nanjing Massacre and Unit 731, Israel’s nuclear weapons, safety of nuclear power reactors, South Pacific nuclear free zone treaty statement, Fallout in Paradise, France’s resumption of nuclear tests unleashes riots in Tahiti and condemnation around the world, Trinity Test, What the US Nuclear Arsenal really costs, 121 citations from National Technical Information Service bibliographic database of documents related to weapons research and human radiation experiments.

Destruction of Plutonium, 1998-1999

You may request from Florence Cua, MS3, the file on Destruction of Plutonium Websites and NTIS publications abstracts-transmutation using reactor or accelerator, vitrification or glassification using borosilicate glasses, interim storage facility, fission in reactor and nuclear power plants, send to outer space, burial in salt mines, etc. YOU DO NOT WANT NUCLEAR WAR –DO YOU?

Radiation in Space, 1998-1999

You may request from Florence Cua, MS3, the file on radiation in space-56 pages

There is much interest in Radiation in Space and the measurements thereof because of the
hazard it poses to the astronauts and cosmonauts. Previously National Council of
Radiation Protection and Measurements(NCRP) published a report NCRP 98 in July 31,
1989 entitled Guidance on Radiation Received in Space Activities which is exhaustive
and intensive and the author highly recommends it as a publication to read before this
review article, albeit there was error in the conversion to Standard International Unit from
the original documents. This review article focuses on the updated Radiation Dose
Measurements and Absorbed Doses and Dose Equivalents of the astronauts and
cosmonauts. Due to the findings and observations that 5 rem is exceeded in 175 days for
two cosmonauts and the longer term stay at the International Space Station in the future,
the author suggests that astronauts and cosmonauts be monitored closely for the Linear
Energy Transfer(Particle Nuclear Track Detectors using CR-39) Absorbed
Doses(Thermoluminescent Dosimetry, Emulsion, Fission Foil) and Dose Equivalents due
to trapped protons, neutrons, galactic cosmic rays and heavy ions by real time and
telemetry to ground control and be classified as Radiation Workers and be given Health
Physics Training. Shielding research and personnel protection studies should be
increased and As Low as Reasonably Achievable(ALARA) and De Minimis principles be
inculcated to those concerned. The career whole-body dose equivalent limit in Sv (see
Table 2) should be reevaluated after every crew member's medical examination.
The limits are 2-8 times of radiation workers on earth and 20-80 times that of John Q.
Public on earth.


Florence T. Cua, MS3, signed a contract with the Department of Science and Technology under Dr. William Padolina and Balik Scientist Director Lydia Tansinsin and Dr. Alumanda de la Rosa, Acting Director of the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute for a short term balik scientist program from June 3, 1998 to July 3, 1998. Florence T. Cua, MS3, worked as the counterpart of Mrs. Eulinia Valdezco, Chief, Radiation Protection Section(RPS) of PNRI based on a pre-planned work programme.

F.T. Cua suggested the need to consolidate by computerization the information on the National Registry of Radiation Workers by sectoral classification vis a vis their radiation dose records by film badge with medical history. An Epidemiological study to relate film badge doses with medical illnesses is suggested.

Comments by F.T. Cua, MS3, on the Radiation Safety Manual prepared by Fe Medina were discussed with Mrs. Valdezco.

Florence T. Cua, MS3, wrote with Estrella Caseria the protocols and Code of practice for radiation survey, radiation area monitors, contamination checks, personnel decontamination, calibration and leak testing of instruments as well as the QA/QC of teletherapy machines. F.T. Cua suggested that a properly refereed Radiation Safety Manual, Operational Radiation Control Procedures, and Waste Management Procedures be made available to the National Technical Information Service, USA for sale and the money in dollar amount be put into a Radiation Protection fund.

Florence Cua,MS3, Dr. Alumanda de la Rosa, and Edith Marcelo looked at different instrumentations to analyze the organic waste and identify the components: Gas Chromatograph(GC), High Performance Liquid Chromatography(HPLC), Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometry(GC-MS) vis a vis their availability. Dr. de la Rosa suggest the purchase of an HPLC. The radionuclide identification of the mixed waste was also discussed, i.e. NaI(TL) Scintillation crystal, Liquid Scintillation and others. Chemical analysis methods for toluene, xylene, and ethanol were faxed by Dr. Edward Christman of Christman, Cua Associates to PNRI on July 1, 1998.

F.T. Cua. MS3 obtained from Dr. Jay M. Gould of the Radiation and Public Health Project, USA, $200($100 for PNRI and $100 for control) for $1/tooth in a tooth fairy program for the analysis of Sr-90 in teeth of children in the aftermath of Chernobyl. See

Dr. Alumanda de la Rosa moderated the Radiation Session, Mrs. Eulinia Valdezco gave a talk on the radiation protection and nuclear waste management, Florence Cua, MS3 talked about her consulting in radiation and environmental protection company, Christman, Cua and Associates, see and Dr. Isagani Medina talked about his Cytogenetics Laboratory at PNRI on June 18, 1998 at the UP-PAASE-NAST meeting.

Radiation Safety Guides

It gives the do’s and don’ts in the safe use of radioisotopes, radiation sources and radiation machines. It formulates the guidelines in radiation protection and in dealing with radiation accidents. It tells of the responsibilities of the radiation safety committee and each authorized users. It gives the guidelines to radiation waste disposal and inventory of radiation usage and disposal. It also describes the protective clothing, gloves, and radiation monitoring.

Chemical Hygiene Plans/ Hazard Communication Right-to Know

Chemical hygiene plans are required readings by each chemical users for their protection and safety. It tells about the procedure for safe handling and labeling of toxic, reactive, inflammable, and corrosive materials and the use of hazardous substances fire proof cabinets. It details the procedures used in the case of accidental exposures to chemicals, toxic metals, fumes, and explosives. It details the procedures for hazardous waste management of the chemicals, etc. Lectures and Trainings on the Toxicity, Reactivity, Inflammability, and Corrosivity of Chemical Substances to their users in Right to Know Meetings are required to inform the users of the hazards of the chemicals. It is required of each new user to attend a hazard communication right to know meeting. Each hazardous material has a Material Safety Data Sheet
that is included in the shipment package.

Bloodborne Pathogen Protection Program

Bloodborne Pathogen Protection Program Manuals describe the safety program in handling biohazard substances such as AIDS and Hepatitits pathogens to ensure safe handling and no contamination and no infection in the use and disposal of the bloodborne pathogens. It describes the biohazard safety cabinets, autoclaving, and other modes of sterilization of bloodborne pathogens.

Laser Safety Guides

Lasers are classified as type 1, 2, 3, and 4. Type 1 lasers do not need special precautions but types 2, 3, and especially 4 do. The procedures are described in the laser safety guides. Special Eye Goggles are used to prevent damage to the eye.

Environmental and Health Impact Report
Known and Potentially
Contaminated Sites
Former U.S. Military Bases
in the Philippines


Paul Bloom, PhD
Alex Carlos, MS
Jorge Emmanuel, PhD, CHMM
Theodore Schettler, MD, MPH

Available from Florence T. Cua, MS3
Also the proposal for the in vitro x-ray fluorescence of Pb, Cd, As, and Hg in the teeth of the residents of above areas

Philippine American Academy of Science and Engineering Membership Directory 2005 and meeting proceedings from 1991-2005.

Material Safety Data Sheets(MSDS) for several Hazardous Substances in the Workplace

Asbestos, Arsenic, Benzene, Cadmium, Carbon Monoxide, Chemical Agent Resistant Coating, Chlorofluorocarbon, Chromium, Hexavalent Chromium, Cyanide, Depleted
Uranium, Diesel Exhaust, Fomaldehyde, Lead, Lead Chromate, Mercury, Methylene Chloride, Methyl Ethyl Ketone, Mustard, Nitroglycerine, Nitrosamines, Nitrous Oxide,
Organophosphate, Pentachlorophenol, Radon, Silica, Sulfur Dioxide, Thorium-232, Toluene, Trichlorothylene, Tritium, White Phosphorus, Xylene


Anthrax can infect by inhalation as spores, cutaneously, or by ingestion. The clinical symptoms of anthrax infection are fever, cough, dyspnea, headache, vomiting, chills, weakness, followed by hemorrhagic, thoracic, lymphadenitis, and mediastinities. The nation was awakened to the dangers of anthrax by 5 deaths by inhalation anthrax, namely: Robert Stevens(media)(10/5/01), Thomas Morris Jr.(postal) (10/21/01), Joseph Curseen, Jr. (postal)(10/22/01), Kathy Nguyen(unrelated) (10/31/01), and Ottillie Lundgren(unrelated)(11/21/01) and 2 cutaneous infection. In toto, eleven postal workers, eight media, four unrelated were infected with anthrax. The anthrax spores were delivered to Congressman Tom Daschel, Tom Brokaw’s studio, Senator Leahy, and the editor of the New York Post in the mail. There was a run on the antibiotics Ciprofloxacin or Cipro, other Quinolones, Amoxillin and Doxycycline. Due to all these occurrences, the postal system sent for irradiation by electron beam radiation for sterilization thousands of mails potentially containing the anthrax bacillus spores. The company that is doing the irradiation is Titan Scan Technologies in Lima Ohio and the Postal System. According to Dan Carestio of Isomedix, the D10 dose needed is 3 kGy. That is the dose that will kill 90% of the anthrax bacillus spores. 1Gy=100 Rad. 99% kill needs 30 kGy or 3 Mrad. According to Larry Schneider of Sandia National Laboratory, the total dosage needed is 5.4 Mrad or 54 kGy. According to Colonel Robert Eng, the Director of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute(AFRRI), the absorbed doses required to sterilize the mail is currently 56 kGy or 5.6 Mrad of 10 MeV electrons. The mail is also irradiated at the Ion Beam Applications in the Bridgeport section of Logan Township. The cost is according to IBA officials a cent per letter. The irradiation per box of mail is twice; the second 1800 from the first one. According to the Times, Nov. 27, 2001, the irradiated White mail might appear discolored with a yellow tint. Plastic windows on envelope could shrink or become brittle. Some mail may appear scorched. Plastic materials, like credit cards, could melt or be damaged. Photographs could appear washed out. Video and audiotapes and computer diskettes could be damaged. Compact discs have so far survived. The Senate office staffers working with irradiated mail suffer from eye, nose, and throat irritation, headaches, a burning sensation on hands and face, dizziness and nausea. This is because of the ozone and carbon monoxide produced from irradiated paper and volatile organic compounds or hydrocarbons produced from irradiated plastic used to wrap the mail during the irradiation process. They now ventilate the irradiated letters for 24 hours before it is delivered. I suggest they place the irradiated mail in a clean plastic wrap before they are delivered. Also, the plastics could be replaced by cardboard boxes. They could also robotize or mechanize the sorting of irradiated mail.

Note: Dr. Pedro Jose, MD, PhD, said that Penicillin is better than Cipro because of the bad side effects.




Scattered Radiation in the Operator Position and in the Dental X-ray Room
Florence T. Cua-Christman

Measurements of scattered radiation from dental x-ray units were obtained by Christman, Cua Associates during surveys conducted in central New Jersey over the last several years. These data show that the typical exposure to persons operating the devices and those standing near the patient are uniformly quite low compared to the current standards. This raises the question as to whether the current regulatory requirements for these surveys, in New Jersey as well as 34 other states are necessary.


The New Jersey Administrative Code, (Title 7, Chapter 28) requires that a radiation safety survey be performed by a qualified expert on a dental x-ray unit within 60 days of its installation, relocation or significant repair or modification. The unstated objective of the requirement is to ensure that radiation doses to the operator of the device as well as others in the vicinity of the device is kept as far below the maximum permissible dose as possible. A suitable phantom is placed in the average patient position and measurements of the radiation exposure are taken at the operator’s position and at all nearby locations, which are normally occupied. For each measurement, the kVp, mA, exposure time, instrument reading, and correction made to the instrument reading (such as energy response, calibration, etc.) are recorded. The resultant report is submitted to the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJ DEP). Since 2000, we have conducted surveys on 60 dental units, Christman Cua Associates(2004 unpublished data).

We present here a summary of the measurements we made at the operators position and the maximum exposures within the room containing the device.

Materials and Methods

In this case, the phantom is a 50 ounce plastic jar filled with tap water and located at the approximate position of the patient’s head. Measurements are made with a portable ionization chamber (e.g., Victoreen 450P or Inovision 451P) operating in the integrated exposure mode. The minimum detectable exposure is given by the manufacturer as 0.3 nC/kg (1 μR). The x-ray unit potential (kVp) and charge (mAs) are set at values routinely used by the dentist for patient exposures.


Table 1 shows the distribution of the exposure per shot at the operator’s position. Table 2 shows the distribution of maximum exposures in the patient area. This data is drawn from survey data produced from our surveys. The units of instrument readings are microroentgens and the accuracy is to the units place only so the conversion to SI units results in the unusual partitioning used in the tables.

The number of exposures per week is 71% for the range of 1-90, 22% for 91-180, 2% for 181-270, 3% for 271-360 and 2% for 361-450. 60% of the scattered radiation per exposure at the operator’s position is for the minimum detection level of <0.3 nC/kg (<0.001 mR).

Discussion of Results

If one assumes that 100 exposures per week are produced by the typical dental x-ray unit (the data from our surveys suggests a wide variation, from a few a week to as many as 450) then the highest weekly exposure at the operator position is about 258 nC/kg (1 mR). So an annual exposure of ~ 50 mR to the operator is not unreasonable. An observer in the patient room for a complete set of 18 dental exposures might be exposed to a maximum of 380 nC/kg (1.5 mR). Since it is unlikely that a single individual would be present for more than a few of these exposures, a typical annual exposure would be less than 2580 nC/Kg (10 mR).

These exposures are far below the limits suggested by authoritative organizations such as the International Commission of Radiation Protection( ICRP), National Committee of Radiation Protection and Measurements(NCRP) and the Health Physics Society. For example, the HPS recommends that “constraints be applied to controllable sources of public exposure radiation only when the effective dose equivalent is less than 0.25 mSv (25 mrem)

We surveyed the 50 state Radiation Protection programs by email, asking them if they required surveys similar to those in New Jersey for dental x-ray machines; 35 of the 41 respondents replied that they did.

Although the scattered radiation is miniscule, ranging from less than MDL to just 0.001-0.002 mR at the operator’s position and the scattered radiation in the x-ray room is predominantly 41% for 0.001-0.010 mR/exposure, it is best if the following is observed: that the operator be not the same person. If the operator is the same dental assistant or dental hygienist or dentist, then obtaining the mR/week at the operator’s position would be warranted. The scattered radiation in the room exists and this should be a warning against anybody other than the patient being in the x-ray room when the x-ray machine is energized. According to the position statement of the Health Physics Society 2003, the HPS supports the establishment of an acceptable dose of radiation of 1 mSv/y(100 mrem/y) above the annual natural radiation background. At this dose, risk of radiation-induced health effects are either nonexistent or too small to be observed. This author made a simple calculation with her data: the maximum mR/week at the operator’s position are 1.05 mR/week and 11.7 mR/week in the dental x-ray room.This is compared to 1.92 mR/week from 52 weeks per year of 100 mR/year.


Even if the scattered radiation to the operator or someone standing in the room is negligible , ALARA(AS LOW AS IS REASONABLY ACHIEVABLE) principles necessitate these hazard surveys of dental x-ray machines. In a questionnaire fielded to the 50 states of the United States of America plus District of Columbia, hazard survey is observed either by the state entities or designated consultants in hazard survey by Alabama(AL), Alaska(AK), Arizona(AZ), Colorado(CO), Delaware(DE), Florida(FL),Georgia(GA), Hawaii(HI), Idaho(ID), Illinois(IL), Indiana(IN), Iowa(IA), Kansas(KS), Louisiana(LA), Michigan(MI), Minnesota(MN), Mississippi(MS), Missouri(MO), Nebraska(NE), Nevada(NV), New Hampshire(NH), New Jersey(NJ), New Mexico(NM), New York(NY), North Carolina(NC), Oklahoma(OK), Oregon(OR), Rhode Island(RI), South Dakota(SD), Tennessee(TN), Utah(UT), Vermont(VT), Washington(WA), Wisconsin(WI), Wyoming(WY). The following states waive hazard survey: Montana(MT), Pennsylvania(PA), South Carolina(SC), Texas(TX), and Virginia(VA). One doesn’t want to be mentioned. There were 41 states respondents.


Christman, Cua Associates. Hazard Survey reports to the New Jersey Department of
Environmental Protection, Bureau of Radiological Health for 2002-2004 for New Jersey
dental machine users, unpublished data; 2004.

Health Physics Society, position statement on Ionizing Radiation –
Safety Standards for the General Public; revised June 2003.


The Philippine American Academy of Sciences and Engineering(PAASE) has to date 160 PhDs and counting. My poster will show the categorization according to the many different fields of sciences or engineering endeavors of the PAASE members. These fields are SCIENCES, for example: Agriculture, Natural Resources and Forestry, Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Biology, Chemistry, Computer Sciences, Dental Research,
Earthquake Resistant Design, Food Science, Nutrition, Environmental Science, Geology, Marine Science, Medical Genetics, Oceanography, Mathematics, Pharmacy, Physics, Psychology, Radiation Science, NASA,
Nanotechnology, Statistics, and ENGINEERING, for example: Antibody Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering,
Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and FINANCE and ECONOMICS and CHRONIC DISEASES EPIDEMIOLOGY and MEDICINE, for example, neonatologist, immunologist, and hypertension research. To date,
there are 32 PAASE members working with Private Companies or working as Individuals, 77 teaching in Colleges or Universities, and 33 doing research at Research Institutions. Should the PAASE USA entities be further
delineated according to Northeastern Region, Metropolitan Washington DC, Midwest, SouthEast, SouthWest, Northern California plus Alaska, Southern California and Hawaii plus Canada? Should we delineate PAASE
Philippines as Luzon, Visayas and MIndanao.

The administration and online education is patterned after New Jersey Virtual University, and Community of Science, Let us discuss the formation of this PAASE USA/Philippines University at the Board Meeting and open it up for discussion to the General Membership. Questions like: will it just be for Philippine citizens and Phil-Am citizens? Would the PAASE University have an administration that is funded by tuition from the students and grant fundings from the faculty or researchers? Fund Raisings? Should there be a PAASE Employment Service? Administered through the individual private companies, educational and research institutions through their Human Resources.


The Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors(CRCPD) has published the Nationwide Evaluation of X-ray Trends(NEXT) Tabulation and Graphical Summary of the 1999 Dental Radiography Survey for non-digital dental x-ray machines. The parameters looked at are kVp, mAs, time msec, and the result is mR exposure or entrance skin exposure(ESE). Bradley Grinstead of Alabama X-ray Compliance Branch had data on digital x-ray machine on the above mentioned parameters as well as D and E speed film and digital ESE as a function of years 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2004. The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Radiological Health through Mr. Paul Orlando and Dr. Jill Lipoti also gave the author data on non digital dental x-ray machines ESE vs. % of sample. The materials used are the dental phantom and ionization chambers. The method used is the NEXT protocol for dental measurement. The result shows that the time msec was inclined to the lower time msec intervals for digital compared to non digital. The mR exposure was twice less for digital vs. non digital in the range of 50-124 mR exposure. The kVp % of sample was increased 10 times in the 70-75 kVp range for digital vs. non digital x-ray machines. The New Jersey nondigital mR exposure levels were greater than the NEXT nondigital and Alabama digital levels. The D speed film mR exposure or ESE is greater than E speed film and greater than digital. This article presents the overwhelming evidence of less exposure for digital compared to non digital dental x-ray machines due to the lesser time of exposure for digital.


Florence T. Cua-Christman said...

Dr. Florence T. Cua-Christman, MS3, PhD, PAASE University (virtual for now)

#1 90Sr from Worldwide Fallout in Teeth and Bone, 1992
#2 Element Concentrations in Teeth, 1992
#3 Po, Pb, Ra, Pu, Cm, U, Th, Am, Cf, Mo, and Tc Radionuclides in Teeth and Bones, 1994
#4 Misconceptions about Radiation, Part 1, Facts are Stranger than Fiction in Hiroshima/Nagasaki/
Marshall Islands, Part 2, Volume 1, 1995
#5 Book of Lists Abut Radiation Related Materials, Specifically Marshall Islands Publications, Volume 1,
#6 Book of Lists About Radiation Related Related Mateials, Specifically Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Weapons
Research and Human Radiation Experiments Publications(NTIS), Volume II, 1996
#7 Ghostwriting 1 ), 1997
#8 Ghostwriting 2 ), 1998
#9 Ghostwriting 3 ), 1999
#10 Ghostwriting 4 ), present will be concise into a Blockbuster Book
#11 Destruction of Plutonium, 1998
#12 Radiation in Space, 1998
#13 Facts or Fiction About Radiation Vol. 2, 2001
#14 Radiation Safety Guide, 1995
#15 Chemical Hygiene Plan, 1995
#16 Hazard Communication Right-to-Know, 1995
#17 Bloodborne Pathogen Protection Plan, 1995
#18 Laser Safety Guide, in progress
#19 Microwave Safety Guide, in progress
#20 Radon, Indoor and Remote Measurement Of, chapter in the Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, John Wiley and Sons, United Kingdom, 2000.
#20 Biotechnology 2005-2006
#21 Nanotechnology 2006-

Copyright Office
Library of Congress
Washington, D.C. 20559 2 books free

Harriet Martin
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Associated Universities, Inc.
Upton, L.I., New York 11973 $25 (#1) (#2) given

Teresa Hall
Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories
P.O. Box 999
Richland, Washington 99352 $25 (#1)

Jeanne Boyle, Director
Library of Science and Medicine
Rutgers University
New Brunswick, NJ 08903 $50 (#1, 2)

Dr. Albert Hirschman
Box 5
State University of New York to Dr. LeGeros c/o Dr. Craig
Health Science Center at Brooklyn
450 Clarkson Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11203 $25 (#1)

Gary H. Zeman, Ph.D.
Radiation Protection and Product Safety
Room 1E240
600 Mountain Avenue
Murray Hill, NJ 07974 $25 (#1)

Narodny Ustav Hygieny a Epidemiologie
826 45 Bratislava, Trnavska 52
Czecholovakia $25 (#1)

Celso S. Barrientos, Ph.D.
Supervisory Physical Scientist
Office of Research and Applications
US Department of Commerce
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
5200 Auth Road
Camp Springs, MD 20746 $25 (#1)

Dr. Francis Haughey
Radiation Science Program
Bldg. 4087, Kilmer Campus
Rutgers University
Piscataway, NJ 08854 $25 (#1)

Jane Starkey
7 Kenton Drive
Trowbridge, BA14 7JR free (#1)

Dr. Paul Ziemer
School of Health Sciences
Civil Engineering Bldg
Purdue University
West Lafayette, IN 47907 free (#1)

Otto G. Raabe, Ph.D.
Institute of Toxicology and Environmental Health
University of California
Davis, CA 95616 $25 (#1)

Dr. James Newell Stannard
17441 Plaza Animado
San Diegon CA 92128 $25 (#1)

Eileen Hotte, Ph.D.
Smith, Kline, Beecham
709 Swedelend Road
L-54, King of Prussia
PA 19406 $25 (#1)

Don L. Collins
505 La Loma Road
Glendale, CA 91206 $25 (#1)

Kimberlee J. Kearfott, Sc.D.
Associate Professor
Georgia Institute of Technology
The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering
Nuclear Engineering and Health Physics Programs
Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0225 $25 (#1)

Orszagos Frederic Joliot Curie
Sugarbiologiai Es
Sugareseszsegugyi Kutato Int. Library
H-1775 Budafok 1
P.O. box 101
Hungary $25 (#1)

Ass. Prof. Inkeri Rytomaa
Department of Cariology
Yliopiston Hammaslaaketieteen Laitos
Institute of Dentistry
University of Helsinki
Mannerheimintie 172
00280 Helsinki 28
Finland $50 (#1,2)

Elena Botezatu
Radiation Hygiene Laboratory
Institute of Public Health
and Medical Researches-Iassy
14, Victor Babes Street
Jassy, 6600
Romania free (#1)

College of the Holy Spirit Library
163 E. Mendiola St.
Manila, Philippines free (#1,2)

Immaculate Conception Academy Library
10 Grant St.
Greenhills, MM
Philippines free (#1,2)

Philippine Atomic Energy Commission
Diliman, Quezon City
Philippines free (#1,2)

Dr. Webster Jee
University of Utah
101 Annex
Salt Lake City
UT 84112 $25 (#1)

Dr. M. Stol
Research Institute of Rhematology
Na Slupi 4
128 50 Praha 2
Czecholovakia $25 (#2)

Birute Plioplys
8 Mitchell Avenue
New Brunswick, NJ 08902 $40 (#1,2)

Dr. Stephen Wei
Dept. of Children's Dent and Orthodontics
University of Hong Kong
Prince Philip Dental Hospital
34 Hospital Rd
Hong Kong $25 (#2) stolen sent another one after 1 year $65 my loss

Dr. Beverly Cohen
NYU Environmental Medicine
Longmeadow Rd
Tuxedo, NY 10987 NYU Env Med Library (#1,2)

Dr. Ed Wrenn
ERTL Director 1771S 900 West
Suite 10
Salt Lake City
Utah 84104 (#1) $25

Senator Tom Harkins
US Senate
Washington, DC 20510 (#1) free

American Dental Association
211 East Chicago Avenue
Chicago, Illinois 60611
Attn. Dr. Ruth Schultz $50 (#1,2)

Columbia College of Physician and Surgeon
Augustus Long Library free (#1,2)

NYU Dental School Library free (#1,2)

Dr. Gerhard Schrauzer free (#2)

Sandy O'Brien (Marty Malter) free (#1)

Yankee Book Peddler, Inc.
999 Maple Street
Contoocook, NH 03229 $58 purchase order (#1,2) paid

Northwestern University Library
$50 purchase order (#1,2) paid

Rosalina Cua-Go (#1,2) free
Woodlawn, CA

Dr. Clarkson c/o Elaine
International Association of Dental Research/
American Association of Dental Research
1111 Fourteenth Street, NW, Suite 1000
Washington, DC 20005-5603 (#1,2) free-sponsor

Nelia Gacusan (#1,2) on loan

Racquel Zapanta LeGeros, Ph.D.
New York University David B. Kriser Dental Center
College of Dentistry
Director, Office of Research Program, Coordinator, and Program Development
345 East 24th St
Room 814S
NY, NY 10010 (#1,2) free-sponsor

Ruby Evangelista Kirkup, PhD (#2) on loan

Dr. Lourdes Laraya Cuasay
Cystic Fibrosis-Pulmonary Program
Robert Wood Johnson Medical Center (#2) ordered and delivered and paid for $25
New Brunswick, NJ 08903

Eileen King (#1,2) free

James McInroy, PhD
c/o Margaret Gautier
Los Alamos National Lab
Group HSE-9/MS-K484
PO Box 1663
Los Alamos, NM 87545 (#1,2) ordered and sent

P. Assimakopoulos
University of Ioaninna
Nuclear Physics Department
Ioaninna, Greece (#1) paid for and sent Nov. 2, 1993 $25

Mario Dimayuga, PhD (#1,2) free

Dr. Alan Appleby
Radiation Science Dept.
Rutgers University (#1,2) free

Center for Disease Control
Atlanta, GA (#1,2) purchase order $50

Dr. Mogens Joost Larsen
Associate Porfessor
Royal Dental College
Faculty of Health Sciences
Aarhus University
Vennelyst Boulevard
Aarhus C
Denmark (#1,2) paid for $50

Dept of Nuclear Physics
Lund University
Solvegatan 14, S-223 62
Lund, Sweden (#2) paid for $25

Reiter’s Scientific and Professional Books
2021 K St. NW
Washington, DC 20006 (#1,2) purchase order 1/24/94
2 sets $175 ordered by Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Univeristy of Michigan 2 books (#1,2) $70 paid for
Hatcher Lab
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1205

Nicholas P. Piesco, PhD
Dept. of Anatomy/Histology
607 Salk Hall
School of Dental Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, PA 15261 #2 $30 paid for

Sent March 10, 1994

University of Detroit Mercy
Dental Library
2931 E. Jefferson Ave.
Detroit, MI 48207 #2 $30 paid for

Laureen Ilasenko acquisitions

Professor A. Lodding
Haga Krykogata 28A
Gothenburg, Sweden #2 $27 paid for

Island Press
Washington Office
1718 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Suite 300 Washington, DC 20009 lent both books-returned to me

Yan Bai Ling (#1,2) given

Gerfried Kumbartzi, PhD (#2) given

Princeton University Bookstore 6 on consignment
#2 sold $24 net
Dosier Hammond

Andrew Eugene Cua and Dr,. Roland Stephen Cua (#1,2) given

Melton H. Chew
1424 Concannon Blvd
Livermore, CA 94550-6066 (#2) $30 ordered, paid

Tony Greenhouse
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (#1) given
(#2) $30 ordered, paid

Sally Marshall, PhD
School of Dentistry
Box 0858
Univeristy of California in San Francisco
San Francisco, CA 94143-0758 (#1,2) given

David R. Kyd
Division of Public Information
International Atomic Energy Agency
Wagramerstrasse 5, PO Box 100
A-1400, Vienna, Austria (#1,2) given

Research and Education Association

A textbook company- on loan for evaluation of my status as free lance writer #1,2

Dawn Petrozzini, my realtor ordered #2 $30 paid

Dr. Barry Pass
Associate Professor
Head, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
Faculty of Dentistry
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Canada B3H 3J5

Ordered #2 $30 paid

c/o Paul McLaughlin

Bernd Franke
Ifeu-Institut fur Energie und Umweltforschung Heidelberg GmbH
Wilhelm-Blum-Strabe 12-14
D-69120 Heidelberg

Ordered #1 $35 paid

Marquette Universiy
Main Library
1415 W. Wisconsin Ave.
Science Library
560 N. 16th St.
Milwaukee, WI 53233

Ordered #2, $50

Caroline M. Haverkort, MSc
Department of Anthropology
Univeersity of Alberta
13-15 HM Tory Building
Edmonton, AB T6G 2H4

$45 sent Feb. 18, 1995 received Feb. 24, 1995

South Brunswick Township Bookmobile and Public Library
Peter Fekety
Karen and Marie
110 Kingston Lane
Monmouth Junction
NJ 08852
329-4000 x 209
x286 Peter

Fax 329-0573 returned, too technical

Copyright #3

American Dental Association
Department of Library Services
211 E. Chicago Ave.
Chicago, IL 60611-2678

#3 $50

John Baum, PhD
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Invoice sent #3

Shawki Ibrahim, PhD
Colorado State University

Invoice sent #3

Sister Angelli Cabrini
Regis College
#1,2,3 returned with very impressed letter

invoice sent conditional on availability of funds

Sister Celindis
College of the Holy Spirit

#3 free

Philippine Nuclear Research Institute

#3 free

Mike Moore
Bulletin of Atomic Scientists
6042 South Skimbark St.
Chicago, IL 60637

#3 with invoice

Dr. Paul Ziemer/Robert Landolt
Purdue University
School of Health Sciences

#3 with invoice

Dr. Richard Vetter
Mayo Clinic

#3 with invoice paid $50

Dr. Nicholas Piesco
University of Pittsburgh

#1,3 with invoice ----returned

Dr. David Kyd

IAEA Division of Public Information
Vienna, Austria

Marquette Universiy
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

#1,3 $100

Charles Watson, PhD
Mail Stop P7-82
Battelle Northwest
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
509-376-3483 #3 $50

Alan Appleby, PhD
Radiation Science Program
Rutgers University


Mary Angeline Cheung de Leon
Free #2

Ching Chua

P652 $25


Margaret Gautier
LA, NM 87545

#3 complimentary since she gave me the LASL manuals

Roland Stephen Cua, MD, has a set of the 3 books, #1 #2, and #3 with a copy of #1 and #3 each

Jeanne Boyle
Library of Science and Medicine
Rutgers University
New Brunswick, NJ 08903

#3 billed $50 paid

Environmental Science
Rutges University
Cook College
New Brunswick
NJ 08903

#1,2,3 free

Dr. Andrew Chaarig
Colgate Palmolive Co. Inc.
909 River Road
Piscataway, NJ 08873

#1,2,3 billed $120 paid

Ruth for Tara O’Toole, MD., MPH
Assistant Secretary
Environmental. Safety and Health
Department of Energy
Washington, DC 20585

#1, #3 good review



Ming Wen Flannery

South Brunswick Public Library—free

Roland Stephen Cua—should make copies for PNRI c/o Mommy

Rutgers University with invoice paid $25

Center for Disease Control with purchase order/ untracktable paid $25



Roland Stephen Cua

Rutgers University Library of Science and Medicine-free

Susan Wiltshire
Vice President
JK Research Associates, Inc.
8 Enon Street
Beverly, MA 01915

Invoice sent, $45 paid

Philippine Nuclear Research Institute---on loan

Dr. Egilman
759 Granite Street
Braintree, MA 02184
508-543-3848 h.
617-848-1950 w.

all 5 of the books for $220 $17.80 postage


#1 90Sr from Worldwide Fallout in Teeth and Bones

Blackwell North America, Inc.
100 University Court
Blackwood, New Jersey 08012

$40 purchase order sent

second book sent through UPS--$18.75

charged $58.75 total

609-228-8900 Rita
503-684-1140 Oregon


Misconceptions About Radiation, Part 1 etc.

Dr. Eileen Hotte
Smith, Line and Beecham Pharmaceuticals
1215 South Collegeville Rd
Collegeville, PA 19426-0989



Dr. Barry Pass, Head
Div. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
Facculty of Dentistry
Dalhousie University
Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 315


#7 Ghostwriting

Dr. Monina Poscablo
Catholic Charities



University of Detroit Mercy
Dental Library
2931 E. Jefferson Avenue
Detroit, MI 48207-4288


Dr. Jay M. Gould
Radiation and Public Health Project
302 West 86th Street
Suite 11B, New York, NY 10024

#1,3 paid for so far $75
#2,4 $50
Sub Total $125
#5 Dr. Jerry Brown
National Coordinator
Radiation and Public Health Project
1630 W. 22nd Street
Miami Beach, FL 33140

$40 Total $165

Eulinia Valdezco
Chief, Radiation Protection Section
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute
Commonwealth Avenue
Diliman, Quezon City

#1,2,3 free

Dr. Vicky Guerrero Abellera, PhD Environmental Science, University of District of Columbia, Howard University, Trinity University, and Philippine American Academy of Science and Engieering Virtual University

#1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on loan

R. William Field, M.S, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
College of Public Health
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health
Department of Epidemiology
104 IREH
University of Iowa
Iowa City, IA 52242

(Tel: (319) 335-4413
ÊFAX: (319) 335-4225
Email: #1,2,3 $100
Community of Science Profile

#1 $989
#2 $857.50
#3 $517.50
#4 $150
#5 $125
#13 $5

$ 150 Radon Chapter
$ 200 US Civilian Research and Deveopment Foundation USCRDF (honorarium for 4 proposals out of 6)
$ 200 Radiation and Public Health Project
$3194 Subtotal
$5000 June, 1998 Balik Scientist Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (Dr. Lydia Tansinsin, Balik Scientist Director, Undersecretary of Department of Science and Technology working with Dr. Alumanda de la Rosa, director PNRI and Mrs. Eulinia Valdezco, Radiation Protection Section Chief, now Nuclear Regulatory Chief)
$2000 January, 2006 consultant of Hybridigm-Consulting(Maoi Arroyo, CEO)

The Radiation, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety are our bread and butter.



Dr. Christina Aquino Binag is a Fulbright Scholar at Pennsylvania State University with Dr. Thomas Malloux on nanotechnology research.

Philippine American Academy of Sciences and Engineering(PAASE) Virtual University


“Trace Element Analysis of Human Teeth and Bone by Proton-Induced X-ray Emission”,
BIOL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH, VOL. 12, 1987, pages 133 ff.

1) Dr. Ramon M. Barnes
Department of Chemistry, GRC Towers, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003-0035

2) Tousimis Research Corporation
PO Box 2189
Rockville, MD 20852

3) Universite Rene Descartes De Paris
Faculte de Chirurgie Dentaire
1, rue Maurice Arnoux
92120-Montrouge, France
Department Histologie-Embryologie Speciale
Re: M. Goldberg

4) Dr. S. Ashrafi
University of Illinois
Department of Histology
801 S. Paulina
PO Box 6998
Chicago, IL 60680

5) H. Wayne Sampson, PhD
Department of Anatomy
College of Medicine
Texas A&M University
College Station, Texas 77843-114

6) James W. Simmerlink, PhD
Case Westeren Reserve University
School of Dentistry
2123 Abington Road
Cleveland, OH 44100

7) Prof. C.A. Baud
Institut de Morphologie
Centre Medical Universitaire
1, rue Michel Servet
1211 Geneve 4(Suisse)

8) Professor P. Allain
Laboratoire de Pharmacologie
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire
49033 Angers (France)

9) Prof. Dr. H.J. Hohling
Institut fur Med Physik
der Universitat Munster
Hufferstrabe 68
D-4400 Munster, Germany

10) Dr. Leon Singer
Department of Biochemistry
U/MN 4-225 Millard Hall
435 Delaware ST SE
Minneapolis MN 55455

11) M.D. McKee
Anatomy Department
McGill University
Strathcona Anatomy & Dentistry Bldg.
3640 University Street
Montreal Que., Canada H3A 2B2

12)David J. Simmons, PhD
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery G-92
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, TX 77550

13)M. Ebadi, PhD
Department of Pharmacology
The University of Nebraska
College of Medicine
42nd and Dewey Avenue
Omaha, Nebraska 68105-1065

14)Dr. Karl Obrant
Laboratoire D’Histodynamique Osseuse
U. Inserm 234 Pathologie des Tissus Calcifies
Faculte Alexis Carrel-Rue Guillaume Paradin
69008 Lyon, France

15)D. Zaffe
Istituto di Anatomia Umana Normale
Delia Universita di Modena (Italia)
Via Berngario, 16-41100 Modena

16)Thomas Kasokat
Universitat Mainz
Institut fur Zoologie
Saarstr, 21
D-6500 Mainz
West Germany

17)Dr. H.S. Sandhu
Division of Oral Biology
Faculty of Dentistry
University of Western Ontario
London, Ontario, Canada
N6A 5C1

18)Dr. Mr. nat. Reinhard Gocke
Wilhelm-Pieck-Universitat Rostock
Bereich Medizin-Sektion Stomalogie
Wissensch, Laboratorien
DDR-25 Rostock
Strempelstrabe 13
German Democratic Republic

19) R. Frank
Faculte de Chirurgie Dentaire
1 place de l’Hopital
67000 Strasbourg, France

20) Dr. J. Kalouskova
Czeschoslovak Academy of Sciences
Institute of Nuclear Biology and Radiochemistry
142 20 Prague 4, Videnska 1083

21) M. EKRT, MD
Institut Hygieny
A Epidemologie
100 42 Praha 10, Srobarova 48

22) Dr. D. Chappard
Faculte de Medecine
15 Rue Ambroise Pare
42023 Saint Etienne-Cedex2-France

23) Dr. Sarkar
Louisiana State University
School of Dentistry
Department of Biomaterials
1100 Florida Avenue
New Orleans, LA 70119

24) Dr. sc. M. Grun
Akademie der Landwirtschaftswissenschaften
Der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik
Institut fur Pflanzenernahrung
Naumburger Strabe 98
Jena 9

25) Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana
Unidad Iztapalapa Division de Ciencias Biologicas y de la Salud
Departamento Ciencias de la Salud
Mireya Tono
Apartado Postal 55-535, D9340 Mexico, D.F.

26) Dr. Henryk Matuslewicz
Politechnika Poznanska
Institute of Chemistry
60-965 Poznan, Poland

27) Lange Anna
Department of Hygiene
Academy of Medicine
Jarac’za 63, 90-251 Lodi, Poland

28) Dr. H.T. Uytterschaut
Dept. of Anatomy and Embryology
University of Groningen
Oostersingel 69
NL-9713 EZ Groningen

29) Dr. K. Winnefeld
Chirurgischa Univ. Klinik
DDR-69 Jena
BachstrsBe 18

30) Dr. John D. Belcher
University of Minnesota Div Epidemiol
611 Beacon St SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455

31) MV Dr. Boh. Vostoupal
Institute of Landscape Ecology
Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences
Na sadkach 702, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice

32) Dr. Rabinowitz
Marine Biological Laboratory
Woodshole, MA 02543

33) Republic Tunisienne
Ministere de L’Enseignement Superieur
Et De La Recherche Scientifique
Faculte de Medcine Dentaire
5000 Monastir (Tunisie)
Re: M.S. Belkhir
Service de Odontologie Conservativo

34) Mary Alice Kenney, PhD
Home Economics Dept. 118 Hoec Bldg.
University of Arkansas
Fayetteville, AR 72701

35) Dilip N. Wagh
Bhabha Atomic Research Center
Analytical Chemistry Division,
Trombay, Bombay 400 085

36) B. Lakatos
Central Research Institute for Chemistry
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
H-1025 Budapest, Pusztaszeri VT 59-67

37) University of Patras
School of Engineering
Dept. of Chemical Engineering
GR 26110 Patras, Greece
RE: Professor Petros Koutsoukos

38) Dr. H.E. Zschau
Karl-Marx Universitat
Sektion Physik
DDR-701 Leipzig, Linnesir, 5

“Calcium and Phosphorous in Teeth from Children with and without Cystic Fibrosis”,
Biol Trace Elem Res 30/3 (Sep 1991), pp.277-289.

1) Dr. N. Pilecka
Institute of Biophysics and Nuclear Medicine
Faculty of General Medicine
Charles University
12000 Prague 2
Samovska 3

2) Dra. A. Ilundain
Facultad de Farmacia
Departmento de Fisiologia Animal Tramontana, S/N
41012-Sevilla, Espana(Spain)

3) Jack Lieberman, MD
16111 Plummer St.
Sepulveda, CA 91343

4) Professor Gianni Mastella
Centro Fibrosi Cistica
Ospedale Civile Maggiore
Piazzale Stefani 1/A
37126 Verona, Italy

5) Michael G. Tordoff, PhD
Menell Chemical Senses Center
3500 Market Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

6) Professor M. Goldberg
Laboratoire Histologie-Embryologie
Universite Rene Descartes de Paris
Faculte de Chirurgie Dentaire
1, rue Maurice Arnoux
92120 Montrouge

7) Dr. Sandra L. Gilchrist
Division of Natural Scicnces
New College of USF
Sarasota, FL 34243-2197

8) Thomas F. Boat, MD
Department of Pediatrics
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Clinical Sciences Building 229 H
Chapel Hill, NC 27514

9) Michael K. Farrell, MD
Department of Gastro-Nutrition
Children’s Hospital
Eeland and Bethesda
Cincinnati, OH 45229

10) Kuen-Shan Hung, PhD
University of Kansas Medical Center
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology
39th and Rainbow Rd
Kansas City, Kansas 66103

11) Professor Birgitta Strandvik, MD, PhD
Department of Pediatrics II
East Hospital
S-416 85 Goteborg, Sweden

12) N. Balmain
Inserm U. 120
Hospital Robert Debre
Bat, Ecran + 4 et +5
48 Bd Serurier
75019 Paris, France

13) Ton Bronckers, PhD
Acta-Vrije Universiteit
Department of Oral Cell Biology
Faculty of Medicine
Van Der Boechorststraat 7
1081 BT Amsterdam
The Netherlands

14) Nedekova, MD
Vish Voennomedicinski Institut
Scientific Information Service No. 3488/91
15) Dr. Gerhard Rechkemmer
Physiologisches Institut der Tierarztlichen Hoschschule
Bischofsholaer Damm 15
D-3000 Hannover 1, Federal Republic of Germany

16) Dr. HG Posselt
Klinikum der Johann Wolfgang
Zentrum der Kinderheilkund
Abteilungfer Allgemeine
Padiatre I
Theodore Stern Kai 7
6000 Frankfurt a M 70
Federal Republic of Germany

17) Dr. Omar H. Pivetta
Jefe DTO, Genetic Experimental Inst.,
Nac Genetica Medica
Avda Las Heras 2670
3 er. Piso, 1425Buenos Aires

18) Dr. Gratiana Steinkamp
Med. Hochschule Hannover
Postfach 61 01 80
D 3000 Hannover 61
West Germany

19) Dr. Frank Friedrichs
Padiatrische Pneumologie
Krh. Zehlendorf-Bereich Heckeshorn
Zum Heckeshorn 30
W-1000 Belin 39
West Germany

20) E. Zachar
Research Institute of Rheumatic Diseases
Piestany, Czechoslovakia

“Zinc in Teeth from Children With and Without Cystic Fibrosis”,
Biol Trace Element Research, 29/3 (June 1991), pp. 229-237

1) M. Stol
Research Institute of Rheumatology
Na Slupi 4
128 50 Praha 2

2) Robert W. Wilmott, MD
Pulmonary Medicine Div.
PAV 1-24
Children’s Hospital Medical Center
Bethesda and Elland Avenue
Cincinatti, OH 45229-2899

3) Professeur Vidailhet
Service de Pediatrie
Hopital d’enfants
Centre Hospitalier
54511 Nancy, France

4) Kuen Shan Hung, PhD
University of Kansas Medical Center
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology
39th & Rainbow Blvd
Kansas City, Kansas 66103

5) Dr. Kevin Foskett
Division of Cell Biology
Hospital for Sick Children
535 University Avenue
Toronto, Ontario

6) Dr. Robert D. Putnam
Putnam Environmental Services
PO Box 12763
2525 Meridian Parkway
Research Triangle Park, NC

7) Dr. M. Lamand
Inra Theix 63122
St Genes Champanelle

8) Dr. J. H. M. Woltgens
Acta-Vrije Universiteit
Department of Oral Cell Biology
Faculty of Medicine
Van der Boechorststraat 7
1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands

9) T. Garcia
Secteur Sainte-Eugenie
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud
69310 Pierre Benite

10) Kerteszeti Egyetem
Chemical Department
Universitas Horticulturae
Villanyi ut 37-43
H-1502 Budapest, Pf. 49

11) Glenn Sauer
Department of Chemistry
University of South Carolina
Columbia, South Carolina 29208

12) M. Ebadi, PhD
Department of Pharmacology
The University of Nebraska
Medical Center
600 South 42nd Street
Omaha, NE 68198-6260

21) Professor Gianni Mastella
Centro Fibrosi Cistica
Ospedale Civile Maggiore
Piazzale Stefani 1/A
37126 Verona, Italy

22) S. Mateo
Laboratoires Pharmaceutiques
Z.1. de Carros-BP 28
06511 Carros Cedex

23) Dr. F. Van Meir
University of Antwerp (RUCA)
Institute of Histology and Microscopic Anatomy
Groenenborgerlaan 171
B-2020 Antwerpen, Belgium

24) W. Wasowicz
Zaklad Biochemii I.N.P. Wam
Department of Biochemistry
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences WAM
90-647 Lodz. Plac 9-go Maja 1

25) Jack Lieberman, MD
V.A. Med Ctr (IIIP)
16111 Plummer St.
Sepulveda, CA 91343

26) Dr. P. Durie
The Hospital for Sick Children
555 University Avenue
Toronto, Ontario,
Canada M5G 1X8

27) T. Nakamoto
Department of Physiology
Louisiana State University Medical Center
1100 Florida Avenue
New Orleans, LA 70119

28) Dr. Daria Zacharova
Slovak Academy of Sciences
Institute of Molecular Physiology and Genetics
Vlarska 5, CS-833 34 Bratislava

29) Sandor Lanos
Institute of Public Health and Epidemiology
University of Medical School
Pecsi Orvostudomanyl
Kozegeszsegtani es Jarvanytani Intezete,
Szigeti ut 12. Pf: 99
H-7643 Pecs,

30) Sow-Yeh Chen
Oral Pathology Section
Temple University School of Medicine
3223 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140

31) A. Buxade Vinas
Investigacion Vinas
Torrente Vidalet 29
08012-Barcelona, Spain

32)Professor Dr. Karl E. Bergmann
Institut fur Sozialmedizin und Epidemiologie
Des Bundesgesundheitsamtes
Thielallee 88-92
D-1000 Berlin 33
Federal Republic of Germany
Republique Federale d’Allemagne

33)Haydee V. Castejni
Instituto de Investigaciones Biologicas
Facultad de Medicina
Universidad del Zulia
Apartado Postal 526
Maracaibo, Venezuela(South America)

34) Elias Meezan
Metabolic Diseases Research Lab
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama 35294

35) Klinikum
der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat
Zentrum der Kinderheilkunde
Abteilung fur Allgemeine Padiatrie 1
Theodor-Stern-kai 7, 6000 Frankfurt a. M. 70
Fed. Rep. Germany
Re: Dr. H-G Posselt

36) Prof. D’ med. Tomas Pexieder
Institut D’Histologie
Et D’Embryologie
Rue de Bugnon 9
CH-1005 Lausanne, Suisse

37) Dr. Amaury Alvarez
Instituto Cubano de Investigaciones
De los Derivados de la Cana de Azucar
Apartado Postal 4026, La Habana, Cuba

38) Thomas F. Boat, MD
Department of Pediatrics
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Clinical Sciences Building 229 H
Chapel Hill, NC 27514

39) Silesian Univesity of Medicine
Department Toxicology
41-200 Sosnowiec, UL, Jagiellonska 4

Florence T. Cua, MS3, PhD
“PIXE-PIGE Analysis of Teeth from Children With and Without Cystic Fibrosis.” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B49(1990) 205-210.

Florence T. Cua, MS3, PhD
“Element Analysis of Teeth from Children with and without Cystic Fibrosis by PIXE-PIGE.” International Journal of PIXE(1990). Vol.1 No. 2.
posted by Florence T. Cua-Christman at 6:13 AM 0 comments

also Agricultural


Would you recommend Miracle Gro All Purpose Plant Food and in what kinds of soils?

Total Nitrogen (N) 15%

5.8% Ammoniacal Nitrogen
9.2% Urea Nitrogen

Available Phosphate(P2O5) 30%
Soluble Potash(K2O) 15%
Boron(B) 0.02%
Copper(Cu) 0.07%
0.07% Water Soluble Copper(Cu)
Iron(Fe) 0.15%
0.15% Chelated Iron(Fe)
Manganese(Mn) 0.05%
0.05% Chelated Manganese(Mn)
Molybdenum(Mo) 0.0005%
Zinc(Zn) 0.06%
0.06% Water Soluble Zinc(Zn)
Derived from Urea, Ammonium Phosphate, Urea Phosphate, Potassium Chloride, Boric Acid, Copper Sulfate, Iron EDTA,
Manganese EDTA, Sodium Molybdate, and Zinc Sulfate.

Scotts Miracle-Gro Products, Inc., 14111 Scottslawn Road, Marysville, OH 43041

Wednesday, August 13, 2008

Question: How do you prevent Lithium Ion Batteries from Blowing Up?

to be continued because I am busy with something else...

Tuesday, August 12, 2008

to be added to


Monday, August 11, 2008



Next on NOVA scienceNOW
With Neil deGrasse Tyson

Wednesday, August 13 at 9 p.m.
(Check your local listings as dates and times may vary.)

Host Neil deGrasse Tyson looks into mass extinction, the killer 1918
flu virus, high-tech ways to read ancient papyrus, and an MIT
roboticist who designs sociable robots.

Mass Extinction
What caused the mother of all extinctions 250 million years ago?

1918 Flu
A virus that killed up to 50 million people is brought back to
life to decipher its deadliness.

Profile: Cynthia Breazeal
A daring engineer designs robots to communicate and interact the
way people do.

Scraps of writings from a garbage dump in ancient Egypt reveal
what life was like 2,000 years ago.

The journey continues on the NOVA scienceNOW Web site. Watch the
entire hour-long episode online starting August 14. E-mail
scientists from the broadcast with your questions, listen to an
audio dispatch explaining why we shouldn't take Earth's hospitable
climate for granted, read recent stories on pandemic flu, check out
an audio slideshow about friendly robots, and watch video extras.

Also, Links & Books, the Teacher's Guide, the program transcript,
and more:

NOVA scienceNOW sponsor Pfizer has launched Think Science Now, a
chance to meet ten scientists--including some of our NOVA scienceNOW
profilees--and find out what inspires them about science. Watch a
new video profile each week, and then vote for the one that most
inspires you! For every vote, Pfizer will donate $1 to science
projects recommended by Go to:


Thank you for visiting NOVA scienceNOW. We welcome your questions,
comments, and feedback. You can send a message directly to NOVA
scienceNOW at

Or use our feedback form at

You are subscribed to the NOVA scienceNOW mailing list.
To unsubscribe, go to -- or send an
e-mail to and, on a line by itself in the
message, type: unsubscribe nova-sciencenow

Funding for NOVA scienceNOW is provided by Pfizer, the National
Science Foundation, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Alfred
P. Sloan Foundation, and public television viewers.

NanoTX USA 2008

Center for Functional Nanomaterials and National Synchrotron Light Source-Brookhaven National Laboratory


18th International Radon Symposium
September 14-17, 2008
Preliminary Agenda
All Presentations and Meetings are preliminary and are Subject to Change based on the acceptance and availability of the presenters. Please Check the AARST Web Site frequently for updates.

Pre-Symposium Meetings:

Saturday: 7:00 to 4:30 Open Meeting Room – Florentine B
7:00 to 6:00 Curriculum Meeting – Florentine E
5:00 PM – AARST Staff Meeting and Walk Through - Rotunda
6:00 – 7:00 AARST Board “New Leaders” Reception (Florentine B)
10:00 – 5:00 Symposium Registration Desk Open - Rotunda

9:00 – 4:00 Exhibition Hall Set-Up for Exhibitors and Poster Presentations
(Florentine C)

10:00 National Radon Standard Consortium Executive Stakeholders Meeting
(Executive Boardroom)

1:30 NEHA-NRPP Policy Advisory Board Meeting
(Executive Boardroom)

3:30 AARST National Board Meeting
(Executive Boardroom)

5:30 AARST Election Supervisors Meeting
(Executive Boardroom)

6:30 – 8:30 Joint Reception with CRCPD
(Florentine C)

Monday – September 15, 2008

Joint Continental Breakfast – Pre-Function AreA Outside of Florentine C

Joint Meeting Day with CRCPD’s National Radon meeting – (Florentine ?)
Moderators – Morning, Bill Bell, CRCPD Radon Committee;
Afternoon, Bill Angell, President, AARST

8:00 – 8:15 Welcome – E-15 Radon Committee Chair Bill Bell; CRCPD Chairperson John Winston; AARST President Bill Angell; Regional Welcome – Jed Harrison, EPA, Las Vegas Laboratory; Nevada Welcome, Adrian Howe

8:15 – 9:00 Keynote – Rich Guimond, Assistant Surgeon General and Rear Admiral, U.S. Public Health Service (ret) and Vice President for Environmental Health and Safety, Carrier Corp.

9:00 – 9:20 Radon Leaders Saving Lives – Tracy Enger, USEPA

9:20-10:20 Radon Leaders Saving Lives – Year One Report Bill Angell, AARST; Bill Long, EPA;
John Winston, CRCPD

10:20 – 10:50 Break, Exhibits, and Posters – Florentine C
· Measuring Radon and Thoron Emanation from Concrete and Granite with Continuous Radon Monitors and E-Perms – William Brodhead, WPB Enterprises
· Indoor Radon Campaign Measurement in a Representative Sample of a High Radon Potential Region of France – K. Aury and F. Clinard, Cire Centre-Est – Dijon; O. Catelelinois, Centre d’Epidémiologie de Population - Registre dijonnais des AVC, France, et al.

10:50 – 11:05 Q & A/Open Dialogue

11:05-11:45 Building Media Bridges and the New Radon Media Campaign
Kristy Miller (EPA) and Fred Reviz

11:45 – 1:15 Joint AARST and CRCPD Luncheon - Florentine C

1:15 – 1:45 Strengthening Risk Communication: NCRP Report 93
Dr. Susan Conrath, Captain, US Public Health Service

1:45 – 2:15 Standards Updates - Panel
Overview: What is a Standard? Bob Stillwell; EPA’s Role: Bill Long, ANSI/AARST, Gary Hodgden; ASTM (TBA)

Monday, September 15 (continued)

2:15 – 2:45 Radon Resistant New Construction Partnering for Radon Risk Reduction – Dave Daniels, , Radon Specialist of Wisconsin and Bob Stillwell, Maine Radon Program

2:45 – 3:15 Break, Exhibits, and Posters - Florentine C

· Indoor Radon Campaign Measurement in a Representative Sample of a High Radon Potential Region of France – K. Aury and F. Clinard, Cire Centre-Est – Dijon; O. Catelelinois, Centre d’Epidémiologie de Population - Registre dijonnais des AVC, France, et al.
· Measuring Radon and Thoron Emanation from Concrete and Granite with Continuous Radon Monitors and E-Perms – William Brodhead, WPB Enterprises

3:15 – 4:30 Recent Legislation Developments – Patrick Daniel, Illinois Emergency Management Agency; Dale Dorschner, Minnesota Department of Health; Scott Hendrick, National Conference of State Legislatures; Bruce Snead, Kansas State University

4:30 – 5:00 Using Results to Support and Protect the Public – Carolyn Allen, AARST and Pat Gardner, New Jersey

5:00 Adjourn

Tuesday – September 16, 2008
Joint Continental Breakfast – Pre-Function AreA Outside of Florentine C

7:00 AM AARST “International Guests” Breakfast Meeting (Tuscany)

Julie Somis, Symposium Program Chair (Note: Symposium attendees may attend publically scheduled National Radon Meeting sessions at no extra charge.)

Plenary Session will be located in Florentine D

8:00 – 8:05 Housekeeping & Announcements

8:05 – 8:25 Welcome – Bill Angell, AARST President

8:30 – 10:00 Concurrent Session – (Florentine B)
Continuing Education: States Mapping Project (1.5 Hr Category I, No Fee) – Brian Hanson, Kansas State University

Plenary Session: Peer-Reviewed Research Papers – see the follow sessions

8:30 – 8:50 Post Mitigation Radon Concentrations in Minnesota Homes – Daniel J. Steck, St. John’s University
8:55 – 9:15 An Update on the New Canadian Radon Guideline and its Implementation – Naureen Rahman et al., Radiation Protection Bureau, Health Canada

9:20 – 10:00 Complex System of Radon Diagnosis Methods & Specific Experimental and Theoretical Procedures Applied in the Indoor Building Environment – Ladislav Mouka and Ale Fronka, National Radiation Protection Institute, Czech Republic.

10:00 – 10:30 Break, Exhibits, and Posters
· Yearly Energy Losses of Leaky Radon Mitigation Systems – Leo Moorman, Radon Home Measurement and Mitigation, Inc.
· Aesthetic Aspects of Radon Mitigation Systems – Kurt Salomon, Abodee, Inc.
· Measurement of 222Rn by Absorption in Polycarbonates-Research and Practice Dobromir S. Pressyanov, University of Sofia, Bulgaria

10:30 – 10:50 Emission of Radon from Decorative Stone – M. Kitto, and D. Haines, New York State Department of Health and J. DiazArauzo, C&C North America

10:50 – 11:10 Disposal of Granular Activated Charcoal used for the Treatment of Radon 222 in Residential Well Water –Robert Lewis, Pennsylvania Bureau of Radiation Protection and Paul Houle, East Stroudsburg University

Tuesday – September 16, 2008 (continued)

11:10 – 11:30 Natural Radioactivity in Building Material: Czech Experience & European Legislation – J. Hůlka, J. Vlček and J. Thomas, Czech Republic National Radiation Protection Institute

11:30 – 12:00 Elevated Radon Levels in High Rise Condominiums from Concrete Emanation – William Brodhead, WPB Enterprises, Pennsylvania

Concurrent Session – Florentine B

11:00 – 11:30 How to Use Finanical Statements to Grow Your Business
A Review of Profit and Loss and Balance Sheets – Calvin Murphy

11:30 – 11:50 AARST-ANSI Multi-Family Standard Overview – Gary Hodgden

Noon – 1:30 AARST Annual Meeting and Luncheon – Florentine A

1:30 – 2:15 Las Vegas EPA Radiation Lab Tour – Reserved Attendees Go To Lobby for Buses, Limited to 30 - By Reservation Only –

1:30 – 3:00 Concurrent Session – Florentine B
Continuing Education: Ask the Experts -Advanced Mitigation Course (1.5 Hr Category I, No Fee) – Dave Hill, John Mallon, Dave Kapturowski
Plenary Session: Peer-Reviewed Research Papers – see the follow sessions in Florentine D

1:30 – 1:50 Experimental Study on Passive Sub-Slab Depressurization System – B. Collignan and M. Abdelouhab, Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment, Département Energie Santé Environnement, France, and F. Allard, Université de La Rochelle, France.

1:55 – 2:15 Creativity Applied to a Hard to Solve Radon Problem: A Residence on Mill Tailings – Leo Moorman, Radon Home Measurement and Mitigation, Inc.

2:20 – 2:45 Radon Prevention and Mitigation in Finland: Guidance and Practices – H. Arvela, H. Reisbacka and P. Keraenen, Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Finland

2:45 – 3:15 Break, Exhibits, and Posters
· Yearly Energy Losses of Leaky Radon Mitigation Systems – Leo Moorman, Radon Home Measurement and Mitigation, Inc.
· Aesthetic Aspects of Radon Mitigation Systems – Kurt Salomon, Abodee, Inc.
· Measurement of 222Rn by Absorption in Polycarbonates-Research and Practice, Dobromir S. Pressyanov, University of Sofia, Bulgaria

3:15 – 3:35 Experiences in Protection and Remeditation – Martin Neznal and Matej Neznal, RADON v.o.s, Czech Republic

3:40 – 4:00 AARST Public Policy Initiatives for 2008 – Peter Hendrick, Executive Director

4:05 – 4:55 Radon in Building Materials – AARST Panel Discussion on the Practical Roles of Radon Professionals in Measuring and Mitigating Radon Sources From Other Than Soil Gas – AARST’s Technical and Science Committee: Davie Wilson and Jim Burkhart, Co-Chairs; Bill Brodhead; Carolyn Allen; Gary Hodgden

5:00 Adjourn

6:30 – 10:00 NIGHT OUT – Imperial Palace Auto Collection Museum

Please pay attention to announcements for bus transportation to & from the Museum

Guests of attendees need to purchase extra tickets at the AARST office

Wednesday, September 17, 2008 - Florentine D & B

Joint Continental Breakfast – Pre-Function AreA Outside of Florentine C

(Symposium attendees may attend publically scheduled National Radon Meeting sessions at no extra charge.)
8:00- 8:05 Housekeeping/Announcements – Plenary Session Florentine D

8:05 - 8:25 A Brief History of Radon Measurements and Remediation in Spain – C. Sainz-Fernandez, L S. Quindós-Poncela et al., Radon Group, University of Cantabria, Spain

8:30 - 10:00 Concurrent Session – Florentine B
Continuing Education: Selling Radon to Builders (1.5 Hr Category I, No Fee) – Moderator and Panelist: David Hill, AARST Past President, Dan West, Ohio radon mitigation contractor and 2007 AARST Hero Award recipient, who has successfully worked with builders, installing more than 800 new construction radon systems; David Daniels, Wisconsin radon mitigation contractor whose business has grown dramatically since he began working with builders.

Plenary Session: Peer-Reviewed Research Papers – see the follow sessions in Florentine D

8:30 – 8:50 Radon, Thoron and Their Progeny in Lancaster, Pennsylvania Homes – Henry Stewart, Penn Manor High School, Millersville, PA and Dan Steck, Physics, St. John’s University.

8:50 – 9:10 Lung Cancer Risk Attributable to indoor Radon in a High Radon Potential Region of France – O. Catelinois et al., Institut de Veille Sanitaire

9:20 – 9:40 Analysis of Long-term Measurements of Radon in Bozkov Dolomite Cave -- K. Rovenská, National Radiation Protection Institute, Czech Republic and L. Thinová, Czech Technical University

9:40 – 10:00 Conclusion of Multi-year Study on the Elevation Effect on Scintillation Cell Counting Efficiency Focusing on the Pylon Model 300 – James Burkhart and Benjamin Abrams, University of Colorado, and Phil Jenkins, Bowser-Morner

10:20 – 10: 50 Break, Exhibits, and Posters
· Working with Partners to Make the Most of National Radon Action Month – Cindy Ladage and Pat Daniels, Illinois Emergency Management Agency
· Solving Turbulent Flow Dynamics of Complex Multiple Branch Radon Mitigation Systems – Leo Moorman, Radon Home Measurement and Mitigation, Inc.
· Seasonal Radon Variations in Utah Testing Results – David Neville and John Hultquist, Utah Division of Radiation Control
10:30 – Noon Concurrent Session- Florentine B
Continuing Education: Contract Writing Course (1.5 Hr Category I, No Fee) – Albert Everts, InterContinental Insurance, Boston

Plenary Session: Peer-Reviewed Research Papers – see the follow sessions in Florentine D

10:50 – 11:10 Radon Diffusion Coefficient-A Material Property Determining the Applicability of Waterproof Membranes as Radon Barriers – M. Jiránek and K Rovenska, Czech Technical University and A. Froňka, Czech Republic National Radiation Protection Institute

11:10 – 12:10 Radon Mitigation Houses from Heck

12:10 – 1:15 Lunch on your own

AARST members and Symposium attendees are invited to rejoin CRCPD’s 18th National Radon Meeting for Stakeholder Roundtable discussions with EPA and States

Moderator – Clark Eldredge, Florida

1:15 – 1:45 Web Portal – Bruce Hirschler, CRCPD and Clark Eldredge, Florida Radon Program

1:45 – 3:30 Action Planning / Open Spaces

3:30 – 4:00 Closing Session – Bill Bell, CRCPD Radon Committee

4:00 Adjourn

For More Information Contact:

Peter Hendrick
Executive Director, AARST

AARST MISSION: AARST is a nonprofit, professional organization of members who are dedicated to the highest standard of excellence and ethical performance of radon measurement, radon mitigation and transfer of radon information for the benefit of members, consumers and the public at large.

--------------------------- RADONPROFESSIONALS - ---------------------------